Messi, 31, was the runner-up in 2007 and 2008 before winning for the first time in 2009.
"The award is for the best player in the world", Luis told Brazilian outlet Globoesporte.
The men's coach prize features former Real boss Zinedine Zidane, France's World Cup-winning boss Didier Deschamps and beaten finalist Zlatko Dalic, of Croatia.
The midfielder was named UEFA's Player of the Year ahead of Ronaldo and Salah on Aug 30.
Federation Internationale de Football Association have an award ready to hand over to just one footballer to confirm exactly this.More news: Trump's reported off-the-record remarks hit US-Canada trade talks
"They're also a team that never give up".
His competitors, Ronaldo and Modric, won the Champions league together with Real Madrid.
And finally, Liverpool and Egypt forward, Mohamed Salah, clinched a record-breaking Premier League first season with Liverpool, as his goals propelled Jurgen Klopp's side to the Champions League final, and set a host of individual club landmarks.
Tottenham held Madrid to a 1-1 draw in Spain, then swept them away in a 3-1 victory at Wembley during the Champions League group stages last season. The Orlando Pride player is up against Lyon teammates Ada Hegerberg of Norway and Dzsenifer Marozsan of Germany.
The three coaches bidding for the women's game award are Asako Takakura, who led Japan to the Asian Games title last week, Reynald Pedros of France and Sarina Wiegman of the Netherlands.
"The winners will be crowned at the Royal Festival Hall (Southbank) on September 24 2018, where the great and good of world football will descend upon the city to celebrate the very "best" the sport has to offer", a statement by FIFA read.