Prosecutors say the Russians also targeted a Pennsylvania-based nuclear energy company - the Westinghouse Electric Company, which is near Pittsburgh - and an global organization that was investigating chemical weapons in Syria and the poisoning of a former GRU officer.
Dutch Defence Minister Ank Bijleveld said that the GRU's alleged hacking attempts on the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons took place in April and were disrupted by authorities.
"Normally we don't reveal this type of counter-intelligence operation".
TRT World spoke to Lucy Taylor in Moscow for more details.
Speaking about the Russian intelligence service GRU, Mr Wilson said it was a "well-funded" unit of the Russian state and that it was behaving "aggressively across the world" and "with apparent impunity".
Britain helped the Netherlands with the operation, they added.
As well as the specialist equipment in the vehicle, Yevgeny Serebriakov's laptop was found to have been used in Brazil, Switzerland and Malaysia.
They left belongings behind, she said, enabling the Dutch to discover that one of the agents' laptops had made connections to Brazil, Switzerland and Malaysia, trying to interfere with the investigation into the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in eastern Ukraine in 2014.
The four men flew from Moscow to Amsterdam on April 10 on official passports, where they were met by a Russian embassy official.
They hired a Citroen C3 vehicle on April 11 and were seen to be scouting the area close by, all the while they were being monitored by the Dutch intelligence services.
GRU operatives are also said to be behind the attempted hacking of the World Anti-Doping Agency in Switzerland previous year.
Eichelsheim said the four agents were operating out of a Citroen vehicle parked outside the Marriott Hotel, which is next to the organisations headquarters on Johann de Wittlaan.
In the boot was electronic equipment to intercept the OPCW's Wi-Fi as well as login codes at the organisation, with the antenna hidden in the back of the auto facing the OPCW. In all, the GRU spies leaked private data of 250 athletes from nearly 30 countries, officials said. I want to emphasise that co-operation has played a big part in this success. Russian President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday called him a "traitor" and a "scumbag".More news: Assassin's Creed Odyssey patch 1.02 detailed, full release notes revealed
When leaving The Hague, the men took all the rubbish from their room in a further bid to cover their tracks.
Eichelsheim said the four Russians were "clearly not here on holiday".
"The Russian military, and their intelligence arm "the GRU", is responsible for this pattern of malicious cyber activity", the government said in a statement. Russian Federation has denied any involvement in the plane's destruction. "But it seems today that what we're seeing is a coordinated campaign against Russian Federation specifically because the activities that Russian Federation has been engaging in go far beyond what in normal intelligence circles would be regarded as acceptable".
Among the cyber attacks blamed on the GRU by the British on Thursday include the 2016 hack of the Democratic National Committee, whose documents were subsequently published online by WikiLeaks, and the leaking of top athletes' medical records.
Russia's foreign ministry has denied allegations by British and Australian authorities that the Russian military intelligence agency GRU was behind a fresh wave of global cybercrimes.
NATO's chief vowed on Thursday to strengthen the alliance's defences against attacks on computer networks that Britain said are directed by Russian military intelligence, also calling on Russia to stop its "reckless" behaviour.
"NATO will continue to strengthen its defence and deterrence to deal with hybrid threats, including in the cyber domain", he added as North Atlantic Treaty Organisation defence ministers met to discuss new offensive cyber capabilities.
British officials believe the hackers are under direct orders from the Kremlin.
Britain's National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) named the GRU operatives as the perpetrators, according to the Foreign Office.
The UK government pointed the finger at Russian military intelligence for a litany of cyber nasties in an alert it issued this morning.
Williamson said: "This is not the actions of a great power. We are going to actually make it clear that where Russian Federation acts, we are going to be exposing that action", Williamson said. "The International Community - including Russian Federation - has agreed that international law and norms of responsible state behaviour apply in cyberspace", Australia's Prime Minister Scott Morrison said.
Australia's Prime Minister Scott Morrison said that intelligence services in Canberra had also discovered evidence of "malicious cyber activity" orchestrated by Moscow.