The call comes as a new report paints a grim picture of the state of the planet, illustrating that mankind is exploiting the world beyond its means and wiping out life on Earth in the process. 'If we want a world with orangutans and puffins, clean air and enough food for everyone, we need urgent action from our leaders and a new global deal for nature and people that kick starts a global program of recovery, ' Steele said in her statement. "While climate change is a growing threat, the main drivers of biodiversity decline continue to be the overexploitation of species, agriculture and land conversion".
" This huge loss in the number of animals is mainly attributed to human activities, such as deforestation, overgrazing, and hunting endangered animals". Shallow-water coral reefs have been cut in half in the last 30 years, and about 20 percent of the Amazon rainforest has disappeared over the last 50 years, the authors found.
The 14th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will be held in Egypt in November and will be, according to WWF, a "key" moment to lay the foundations of a global agreement for nature, "as was done for the climate in Paris in 2015", the report said.
The Living Planet Report 2018 presents a comprehensive overview of the state of our natural world, twenty years after the flagship report was first published.
The population of the planet's vertebrates has dropped an average of 60 percent since 1970, according to a report by the conservation organization WWF.More news: Pakistan shuts phone networks as anti-blasphemy protests spread
The report "reminds us we need to change course", WWF-US President Carter Roberts said in a statement.
The report, which tracked more than 4000 species across nearly 17,000 populations from 1970 to 2014, also found Australia's koala population is disappearing at a rate of about 20 per cent a decade. It terrifies me that, unless we make committed and immediate change to the way we live, there will be no other option for them'. "It's time to balance our consumption with the needs of nature, and to protect the only planet that is our home".
India is one of the worst affected by biodiversity loss even though its per capita global ecological footprint is among the lowest in the world, WWF experts said, commenting on the report's findings. Our report sets out an ambitious agenda for change.
He said global warming also plays a role. "There can not be a healthy, happy, and prosperous future for people on a planet with a destabilized climate, depleted oceans and rivers, degraded land, and empty forests, all stripped of biodiversity, the web of life that sustains us all". This can galvanize public and private action to protect and restore global biodiversity and nature and bend the curve on the devastating trends highlighted in the report. One conservationist told the BBC in 2016 that the data in the 2016 report was skewed towards western Europe, where figures were more readily available.