President Xi Jinping echoed previous pledges to open up China's market and lower tariffs as he opened a weeklong trade expo in Shanghai on Monday.
He said "economic globalization is facing setbacks, multilateralism and the free trade system is under attack, factors of instability and uncertainty are numerous, and risks and obstacles are increasing".
But none addresses USA complaints that prompted Mr. Trump to impose penalty tariffs of up to 25 percent on $250 billion of Chinese imports.
That means more tariffs on China may be on its way.
The expo has been met with some foreign scepticism, with Washington snubbing the gathering by not sending high-level representation, instead calling on China to change "unfair" trade practises.
Ma, who's planning on retiring next year, has also said the global business community is opposed to the trade war.
Foreign business surveys indicate that the playing field in China is actually worsening as Xi champions a strong-China message not unlike Trump´s "America First" platform. "After more than 5,000 years of hardship, China is still here".
China, in turn, has imposed levies on $110 billion of USA imports.More news: Hillary Clinton on Possible Run in 2020: ‘I’d Like to Be President’
Now Trump has threatened tariffs on what remains of China's trade with the United States, which is likely to aggravate the effect on the solar industry.
Howver, he said he was only open to what he called a "fair agreement".
"It seems like there were good statements and good headlines, but what we want are concrete actions and a concrete timetable of reform", said Carlo Diego D'Andrea, the Shanghai chairman for the European chamber.
The trade pact came days after Kenya reversed a move to ban tilapia fish exports from China.
A total of 12 countries, namely Indonesia, Vietnam, Pakistan, South Africa, Egypt, Russia, the United Kingdom, Hungary, Germany, Canada, Brazil and Mexico, attended the expo as guest countries of honor. "It is important therefore to correct the trade imbalance and enable a fairer share of trade". The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development ranks China 59 out of 62 countries in terms of openness for foreign direct investment.
But the lure of China remains strong and the U.S. contingent includes even tech giants such as Facebook, which is blocked in China, and Google, which pulled out years ago over censorship and cyber-attacks.
Both are seen as eyeing new ways into China.
He also pledged that China will buy more than $30 trillion of goods and more than $10 trillion of services from other countries over the next 15 years, figures that marked an increase on his promise a year ago that China was expected to purchase $24 trillion worth of goods from other countries over the same period.
Democratic leaders may even end up being very critical of any type of relaxation on China trade if Trump begins to reach an agreement with Beijing.