Two Democratic candidates will become the first Muslim women to serve in Congress. Tlaib, who ran unopposed to represent Michigan's 17th congressional district, will become the first Palestinian-American congresswoman.
A number of women have also achieved significant firsts in their states, including Democrats Veronica Escobar and Sylvia Garcia who become the first Latina Congresswomen in Texas, and Alyanna Pressley from MA, becoming her state's first black representative in Congress.
The high-profile midterm cycle that produced a record number of women contenders and candidates of colour means a number of winners will take office as trailblazers.
Arizona will send a woman - either Democratic representative Kyrsten Sinema or Republican representative Martha McSally - to the Senate for the first time.
These six women along with dozens more congressional candidates, led to the Democrats retaking control of the House of Representatives. New York's Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez was the youngest woman ever elected to Congress. Kansas' Sharice Davids and New Mexico's Deb Haaland are the country's first Native American congresswomen.
Ayanna Pressley, congresswoman-elect for Massachusetts' 7th district. The data showed that this year, white women split their vote between Democratic and Republican candidates for the House, but they preferred Republican candidates in 2010 and 2014. In Georgia, domestic workers organized by Care In Action contacted more than 500,000 voters and sent almost 1.5 million text messages in support of Stacey Abrams for Governor - 90% of those activists were women.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's surprise victory in the June congressional primary in NY shook up Washington and the Democratic Party. And Jahana Hayes, the 2016 National Teacher of the Year, will be Connecticut's first black congresswoman.More news: Victims and gunman in Tallahassee yoga studio shooting identified
A lawyer and former MMA fighter, Davids became the first Native American congresswoman and the first lesbian congresswoman from Kansas. On Tuesday, she defeated her Republican opponent to represent New York's Fourteenth District, which includes part of New York City.
On Tuesday night Stevens, a 35-year old who served on Obama's Auto Task Force, won her race to represent Michigan's 11th district.
"This isn't just the year of the woman, this is the year of every woman", said Cecile Richards, who served as the president of Planned Parenthood for more than a decade, noting the groundbreaking diversity among the women who have run for office this year.
Beyond the Bay State, voters in other states picked Native American and immigrant women as their representatives.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortezis is the youngest woman elected to Congress.
Texas is sending its first ever Hispanic women to congress, as Veronica Escobar snapped up Beto O'Rouke's old seat and state Sen. ME and South Dakota also elected their first female governors with Janet Mills and Kristi Noem, respectively. And in several cases, the result was preordained one way or another because both major party candidates in a given race were women, as in the Arizona Senate contest.
Polis campaigned on universal health, renewable energy standards and publicly-funded early childhood education, and vowed to stand up to President Trump's work to dismantle the Affordable Care Act. Fifty-nine of the candidates were Republican, and 197 were Democrats.