The launch was performed by a strategic missile force crew from the Dombarovsky site at a hypothetical target at the Kura proving ground in the Kamchatka region.
Russian Federation has become the first country to complete the development of hypersonic weapons, Putin announced on Wednesday as he hailed the successful testing of advanced missiles.
China has successfully tested the advanced S-400 air defence system imported from Russian Federation for which India also signed-up recently despite concerns over threat of sanctions from the US.
Russian President Vladimir Putin (centre) watches a video link of a successful test launch of the Avangard intercontinental strategic missile, with Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu on his right and Head of the Russian Armed Forces Army General Valery Gerasimov on his left.
Putin announced an array of new weapons in March, including the Avangard, in one of his most bellicose speeches in years, saying they could hit nearly any point in the world and evade a US -built missile shield.More news: Which stores are open on Christmas?
He said it was important to differentiate between "simulated ballistic target" and real hypersonic missiles.
Earlier this month, an association representing arms manufacturers hosted an event titled "Hypersonics Senior Executives Series, at which United States defense officials said they were scaling up efforts to develop the advanced projectiles".
When first presenting it, the Russian president said the new missile system has an intercontinental range and can fly in the atmosphere at 20 times the speed of sound, bypassing the enemy's missile defence.
Putin was speaking after overseeing what the Kremlin said was a pre-deployment test of the new missile system, called Avangard.
"Hypersonic weapons boast features such as manoeuvrability - gliding, for example - and they are nearly impossible to intercept because they are travelling at such high speed", Song said.