But Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has not commented on the encounter or the capture of India's pilot, nor has he described how India intends to respond. "It is necessary that we shouldn't do anything that allows our enemy to raise a finger at us", he said, in his first remarks since the downing of planes on Wednesday.
That suicide attack and India's retaliatory strike Tuesday prompted a show of force a day later by Pakistan, which escalated into skirmishes among fighter jets belonging to both countries.
Pompeo said he spent a "good deal of time on the phone" with Indian and Pakistani leader to make sure "there was good information exchanged, encouraging each country to not take any action that would escalate and create increased risk".
With a general election due in India by May, an upsurge in nationalism from any conflict with Pakistan could become a key factor, potentially favoring Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). "Our jets were ready and we shot both of them down", he said.
"The country is in safe hands", he told the cheering crowd.
February 24: Five people - three rebels, a counterinsurgency police officer and an army soldier - are killed in a gun battle between members of a Pakistani militant group and Indian security forces.More news: Pakistan's conflict with India could spiral into nuclear war, says Imran Khan
Following the announcement, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) announce that its flights to Jeddah, Dubai, Madina and Dammam will be departing this evening. As recently as November, Pakistan's leader Khan spoke of "mending ties" with India. Khan said in a televised national address Wednesday.
The White House urged "both sides to take immediate steps to de-escalate the situation".
Citing figures compiled by the Institute for global and Strategic Studies, Al Jazeera reported Thursday that India had 3,565 battle tanks, 3,100 infantry fighting vehicles, 336 armored personnel carriers and 9,719 pieces of artillery against Pakistan's 2,496 tanks, 1,605 armored personnel carriers, and 4,472 artillery guns, including 375 self-propelled howitzers.
China, the European Union and other countries also called for restraint.
India has handed over its files on the deadly February 14 bombing to Pakistan, Foreign Minister Qureshi confirmed on Thursday.
According to reports, Pakistani-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for the attack.
Pakistan closed off its civilian airspace after the aerial firefight, a decision that forced Thai Airways to cancel a number of flights, leaving almost 5,000 passengers scrambling to find other flights. India also had a much larger fleet, including an aircraft carrier, 16 submarines, 14 destroyers, 13 frigates, 106 patrol and coastal combatant vessels, and 75 combat-capable aircraft.
After Pakistan's response on Wednesday, the mood in India began to shift.